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Every year 80,000 people die directly or indirectly antibacterial drug abuse

Number of visits: Date:2010年11月29日 13:44
 The use of antimicrobial agents on human health and the protection of life contributed much in recent years but because of the abuse of antibacterial drugs, today, antibacterial drugs has become threat to people's health and survival of the importance of environmental factors. Moderation antibacterial drug abuse has become imminent stage. Rule of appendicitis spent 8,300 yuan antibacterial drugs and the patient surnamed Li, who lives in Fuzhou, died of acute appendicitis in April moved into the top three in a Fujian hospital, using conservative therapy, anti-bacterial antibiotic. Fujian Provincial Center for Medicare patients in selecting the cases it was found that the patients hospitalized in the blood to normal body temperature normal and no abdominal tenderness, (Note inflammation has been control), the use of antimicrobial drugs were for the "SHU Pu deep "for nine days. It is understood that in Fujian such as patients in the hospital, surnamed Li, was the large-scale use of antimicrobial agents is not a small number of cases. because of Achilles tendon rupture and diabetes admission, hospital 17 days, has the use of gentamicin, Etimicin, cefaclor, cefoperazone sodium and Ceftizoxime five antimicrobial agents total cost 10,628 yuan, of the total medical expenses 60% ... Fujian Provincial Health Office told the provincial, city, and county levels over 40 hospitals done a survey, patients antibiotics usage as high as 70 percent, with the use of broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs and the joint use of two or more anti-bacterial drugs accounted for 58% , much higher than the 30 percent of the highest international standards. The use of anti-bacterial-type drug use accounts for medical institutions total about 30 percent, and the rational use of antimicrobial drugs ratio only 50% ~ 60%. The professionals, antibacterial drug usage too high not only led to a sharp rise in medical costs, but also to the clinical treatment result in serious adverse consequences. Antibacterial spectrum quinolone antibacterial drug widely, the advent of bed in recent years is more application of antibacterial drugs, and that unrestricted sexual abuse has resulted in excessive growth of drug resistance. According to the domestic drug monitoring agency announced that domestic quinolone antibacterial agents have half lapse. Vancomycin is a clinic for the treatment of serious infections effective antimicrobial agents in recent years due to unrestricted abuse of vancomycin resistance has emerged resistant bacteria. One concern is that there is no treatment of resistant strains of this new generation of antimicrobial drugs. Recently, this reporter in an interview in Fuzhou City Children's Hospital found that attendance of children more than 70 percent in all types of intravenous antibiotic drugs. The hospital emergency room several doctors reluctantly said that due to the abuse of antibacterial drugs, the children now respiratory, gastrointestinal infections, relying on medication, injections and in the short term it is very difficult work, often require high-dose intravenous antibiotic prescription can be effective. According to Ministry of Health statistics, in China there are 80,000 people every year, directly or indirectly, from the abuse of antibiotics, it is more resistant caused incalculable. Hospital pursues profits assist "If the hospital does not correct use of antibiotics, antibacterial drug abuse problem can not be resolved forever." Fujian Provincial Director of the Institute Green Medicine said this. According to statistics, more than 80 percent of the drugs sold to consumers through the hospitals, so hospitals and doctors become antibacterial drug abuse, "chief culprit." Why do hospitals and doctors antibacterial drugs such "love"? Because hidden behind a staggering interests chain, antibacterial drug enrich certain hospitals and doctors, sales personnel "pockets" so that hospitals, doctors and suppliers are suffering from anti-bacterial drugs on the "dependency syndrome." According to industry disclosure, the current Chinese medicine is antibacterial drugs on the market "profiteering of the most" usually profit margins of 20 times. Most of antibacterial drug prices high, but the cost is very low, priced at 100 or even tens of dollars of drugs often cost only a couple of dollars. China's pharmaceutical prices, and other non-cost factors of the drugs. According to industry disclosure, antibacterial drug rebates are generally higher than 30%. Some doctors take an alarming number of rebate, the focus of some key sections only with a doctor monthly rebate on more than 10,000 yuan drugs ... the eventual costs by the patients had to "pay for." According to statistics relevant departments of Fujian province in each of the three major hospitals in the amount of antibacterial drugs of all pharmaceutical sales amount to 40% to 50%; secondary and primary hospital proportion was even higher, at 60% to 80%. According to the China Medical Association in 2003 statistics, the nationwide sales of drugs before 10 drugs are antibacterial drugs. have commissioned antibacterial drugs. Such as "amoxicillin" domestic production enterprises have hundreds, "vanguard" of the production enterprises are also more than 200, which led directly to the pharmaceutical distribution channel confusion, disorderly competition seriously. And more than one drug. Faced with antibacterial drug abuse, the medical specialists called for domestic use should be introduced antibacterial drug laws and regulations and ensure that the medication safety. Misunderstandings exacerbated by the abuse of antibacterial drugs with the emergence of antibacterial drugs and wider use of the past is very difficult in many infectious diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis and typhoid disease, have encountered nemesis, antimicrobial agents were thus regarded as a "panacea . " However, in the face nemesis, pathogenic microorganisms not sit and look on unconcerned, but stubborn resistance, resistance is one great skill, and the original antibacterial drugs can easily deal with the disease, in the face of drug resistance has become helpless and therefore only applied to more powerful drugs treatment.徐榕Green told reporters that the proper use of antimicrobial agents, the key is to make use of antibacterial drugs out of the following errors: First, the anti-bacterial drugs, "Yeung, new, expensive" better. He said there are very few doctors antibacterial medicine for the full understanding of the use of the blindness great, some doctors in the choice of antibacterial drugs, not leave thinking, not attention etiology inspection, the slaughter of chickens with this line, infatuated with the "foreign, new your "blindly large dose broad-spectrum antibacterial drug use. In fact antibacterial drugs advantages disadvantages of each will vary, we must illness, the person chosen. If erythromycin is a veteran anti-bacterial drugs, the price is very cheap, and it Legionella bacteria and mycoplasma pneumonia is particularly good effect, and prices very high carbapenem antibacterial drugs and deal with these three generations of cephalosporins is not as good as erythromycin. For a rather formidable scrub typhus, using cheaper chloramphenicol have effects. "No good cheaper goods," the law does not apply to medicines. As long as the proper use of funds, a bit of drug money a drug can also achieve the effect of disease. Initial use of antimicrobial drugs for patients, five fell by 0.1 yuan a antibacterial drugs and the use of 40 yuan an antibacterial effect is no different from medicine. Second, Some doctors opened antibacterial drugs to patients is a precedent four, five, several antibacterial drugs used together, with the result that a large number of drug resistant, so that more and more intractable infections, diseases increasingly high cost of treatment. Many of deaths due to severe infection of patients were due more resistant infection, caused by the use of antibacterial drugs ineffective. For example, Streptococcus pneumoniae, in the past to penicillin, erythromycin, such as sulfa drugs were very sensitive, now almost "proof and invincible." Adverse drug reactions to anti-bacterial drugs on top of the list, many people on a cold purchase antibacterial drug treatment of influenza. In fact, most of influenza infection caused by antimicrobial drugs only certain microbial and anti-bacterial, anti-viral and can not be, if indiscriminate use antibacterial drugs, it will only increase side effects, and produce resistance of the body. Doctors use of antimicrobial drugs is often secondary prevention, with other infections, and not the right remedy. The third is that anti-inflammatory drugs that antibacterial drugs.Green said, antibacterial drugs applies only to the inflammation caused by bacteria, and the inflammation caused by a virus will be no effect. Moreover, in a large number of normal human memory beneficial bacteria, these bacteria each other constraints, and maintain the human body's micro-ecological balance. If you use antibacterial drug treatment of non-bacterial inflammation will cause dysbacteriosis, causing other diseases. Frequent daily life in the local soft tissue congestion, redness, pain, allergic reaction caused by contact dermatitis, drug dermatitis and virus-induced inflammation and so on, it is not appropriate use of antimicrobial agents for the treatment.

TypeInfo: Dynamic Industry

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